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Diabetes insipidus in animals
Diabetes Insipidus is a disease of dogs less commonly cats, turning into chronic, which is characterized by violation of water-salt metabolism in the animal body. The causes of this disease to date are not clearly defined and not understood, it is believed that it can get sick any dog or cat, however, there are a number of identified reasons:
1) Acute infectious diseases (meningitis, plague, encephalitis, meningoencephalitis, etc.)
2) Diabetes Insipidus is caused by the animals getting a head injury, the skull, tumors. These injuries can be the result of damage diencephalon-pituitary system, which in turn lead to damage to the nuclei of the hypothalamus and pituitary.
The structure of the hypothalamus contains special nerve cells that control the release of the hormone vasopressin. It is the hormone vasopressin reduces the number and increases the concentration of urine.
A disruption in the communication between the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland or damage leads to decreased levels of the hormone vasopressin in the blood, the kidney cannot concentrate urine and have her bring in a significant amount. In order to compensate for such large losses of fluid, the animal is drinking a lot.
Symptoms of diabetes insipidus in animals
The first symptoms that you should pay attention to the owners of four-legged, is a copious urination and increased thirst. However, owners are not always able to follow, and then the disease, though slow, but it flows into severe. In connection with the improper kidney function, signs of dehydration: dry skin, mucous membranes, thirst.
The constant lack of water may lead to constipation. The animal decreased appetite, and not eating, sometimes even refusing food. Hence, this is the weight loss. In severe stages of the disease there is a disorder of the blood, atrophy of neural connections, convulsions. If not for the timely medical assistance animal within 1-2 years dies from exhaustion. That is why pet owners need to be alert to the symptoms of the disease, and in time to see a specialist.
How to treat diabetes insipidus in animals
First, near the site of the animal should always have clean and fresh water. Not water, there is a lot of heavy elements. With accurate diagnosis and establishment of disease, its extent and severity, the veterinarian assigns drops or subcutaneous injections if the diabetes insipidus of the Central type. In renal type used diuretics.
Projections of treatment of the diabetes is poor. Remission is very rare and is only possible in the early stages of the disease. More often the animal needs lifelong treatment and care. However, when understanding the problem, the owner can provide your four-legged friend a full life.
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