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Syndrome of adaptation to captivity
At the time of stress caused by external factors, in the animal body are mobilized all the protective functions, the so-called adaptation syndrome.
There are several stages of this process. First - alarm. Here the animal organism activates all its defense mechanisms. The next fixture, when the animal adapts to the situation. And stage of exhaustion. The most dangerous stage, it occurs when not subject to stress and often leads to the death of the animal.
This usually occurs in the first two or three months, with individuals endowed with intelligence, who previously lived in natural conditions and from their usual habitat, of their flocks or herds, and were placed in an enclosed space.
As to the deep stresses of long lead transportation of wild animals. Often these events end with the development of neurosis, disease of the internal organs and psychological disorders.
The effects of stress in animals in captivity
To cure diseases task is very difficult. Only a specialist can put a proper diagnosis and time to begin treatment. It is known that such animals have even changed the composition of the blood. It dramatically decreases the level of nutrients and vitamins. Primarily vitamin B12, which is vital in the body. With regard to psychological condition, with strong nervous exhaustion will take years to recover, provided that proper veterinary care.
Due to instinct, trapped in captivity individuals who day by day help yourself to cope with stress. They resort to monotonous, repetitive movements, thereby calming yourself and allowing your brain to relax. For example, large animals walking in a circle or from corner to corner, birds fly from branch to branch. These movements are repetitive and the same type.
Why is this happening? Scientists have proven that this behavior affects biological rhythms of the brain of the animal or bird, resulting in a release of energy, there comes a calm.
The animals in an enclosed space required the help of a man. For example, raccoons, monkeys, crows, parrots and many other species of birds and mammals it is necessary to offer entertainment for various items and toys that will be interesting to play, to ring, to make out, but which are safe to use. This method will entertain the animal, will cause it to escape from depression and positive affect on emotional state.
Everyone is encouraged to recreate a familiar environment for the animal, simulating natural conditions. In addition, affected animals with poor health and needed medicines. It can be an extract eleuterokokka, tincture of Valerian. Also, if the animal is wounded, apply a solution of Shilajit or ointments from propolis. All drugs and dosages shall appoint a veterinarian, especially when it comes to antibiotics.
All living creatures need in favorable conditions. Especially defenseless animals and birds. People should strive to create a good psychological and physical moments for our little brothers.
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