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The ordinary and long-eared hedgehogs


Pleasant are the memories of the small everyday discoveries of childhood towards adulthood. Many will remember the first meeting with evening hastily crossing the road, or trail in the Park, Butch. Invisible lump, which enthusiastically running child, feeling the danger lurking in the thickets of grass, or under the fence. If the escape failed, twisted into a tight prickly ball. So I want to deploy a fugitive, to see his face on a funny wrinkled nose - but to no avail. In the end, thanks to the sharp needles and a good instinct hedgehog manages to escape back home. This mysterious creature comes from our childhood - the common hedgehog, the biggest carnivorous animal.


A brief description of a hedgehog ordinary


The weight of the animal can reach 900 grams, and in the period of hibernation – 1100 grams. The geographical distribution of the common hedgehog is Europe, Asia Minor, Caucasus and Transcaucasia. Food often become beetles, ants, worms, slugs, frogs, toads, small birds and even field mice. It is a predator that prefers to attack large animals. But if the need arises, he will join the fight, even with a more powerful enemy. The most important weapon is very sharp needles growing across the surface of the back. Many forest animals, such as wolves, Martens, are not averse to eat the tender meat of a hedgehog. But more often they leave this venture, finally wounded him noses and paws on the spiny ball. Contrary to popular opinion, the hedgehog is not an ordinary harvests for winter food in the form of mushrooms, apples and other vegetation. With the onset of the first frost hedgehogs go into hibernation, which can last until mid-April. If fat reserves over the summer had accumulated enough, the animal dies from hunger.


Interesting, and yet not fully explored feature of the hedgehog is common in resistance to encephalitis, tularemia and other infectious diseases, agents which are mites. The venoms of bees, wasps, vipers, and arsenic do not act similarly on the life of a hedgehog. Perhaps, with time, scientists will be able to solve the mystery of this animal, and mankind will receive the antidote to a number of hazardous substances.


A nice feature of the hedgehog is that its quite easy to tame. After a brief adaptation, he willingly goes to the contact with the person. This pet can be especially touching and trusting. Because the common hedgehog is a predator, to catch mice in the house he will be more the agile cat. But still, this pet is more suitable for content in the yard of a private house, but not in the apartment. First, the needles of the hedgehog are constantly picks up trash, insects, and plenty of ticks. Second, the hedgehog can be a carrier of infection, such as Salmonella. So after tactile contact with this animal is required to wash hands with soap and water.


In recent years, the hedgehog has become quite an important person – he's often seen in advertising of products and sugary drinks. This comely animal seems just made for television. But the appearance of the animal a little different from the usual in childhood. Feet advertising the hedgehog longer, and he literally is running and not crawling like its standard counterparts. The muzzle is more extended forward, and he himself does not clot, sacua danger, and quietly committed to an obstacle with no fear. The lugs give it a special charm and a bit like a radar. It's – eared hedgehog, the most interesting being that gave us mother nature.


A brief description of the eared hedgehog


The Length of the ears, this mammal ranges from 3 to 5 cm, this species has managed to adapt to living in deserts, semi-deserts and steppes. The habitat of hedgehogs eared – Asia, South-Eastern Europe and North Africa. Like its conventional congeners, this species prefers to live in close proximity to settlements and in forest plantations on irrigated lands, in the depths of the damp ravines.


Favorite time of day hedgehog – middle of the night. This time he goes hunting, and with its long legs, can run in search of food from 5 to 10 kilometers. Food these mammals are beetles, grasshoppers, caterpillars, spiders, slugs, snails. In the case of non-productive hunting will not disdain frogs, lizards, field mice and snakes. But this is more isolated cases. For long-eared hedgehog, which is two times smaller than our compatriot, eating such a large meal is quite a difficult task.


In recent years, long-eared hedgehogs have become widely popular as Pets. Them tame, they are shooting home videos, and the reason for this popularity is its interesting and lively disposition.


In contrast to its ordinary counterpart, the rare eared hedgehog will roll into a ball, sacua danger. He'd rather scare a potential enemy, hissing and Bouncing at the same time, and then run away. Perhaps this method of protection he uses because of a smoother needle cover and smaller body size. So you should consider this factor when purchasing a hedgehog long-eared, if the family has children. First, the child is likely to harm rather fragile hedgehog, and second, the pet may behave aggressively with a child, to pounce and bite.


The male long-eared hedgehog weighs approximately 450 grams, which is two times less than the weight of a normal hedgehog. Legs he has a long, and therefore the long-eared hedgehog is much faster and more agile in his movements. Perhaps for this reason, it doesn't make such a loud thud when walking. In an apartment building, where at night I heard every rustle, this would be a significant plus for the household.


But keep in mind the fact that unlike the ordinary, eared hedgehogs, adapted to the hot and arid climate, can not tolerate wet and cold weather. They easily catch cold, can not tolerate drafts and wide open Windows and extreme temperatures.



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